When Jews around the world began migrating to Palestine, they found themselves in a conundrum: the arid land and the reliance on dry farming wouldn’t sufficiently feed the growing population. The lack of natural resources, meant that the pioneers would have to find industrious ways to farm the land sufficiently, without depleting the its resources.
In an effort to resolve this dilemma, The Agricultural Experiment Station was established. In 1921 the organization developed into the Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), widely known as the Volcani Center. It was within the ranks of the ARO that experimental farming methods were developed. The ARO became responsible for inventing unique irrigation strategies and developing unrivaled methods to desalinate water, a system that not only to be successful, but spread throughout farms across the world.
The ARO also became formative in developing a mixed farming method in Israel. This form of farming which was based on a strict crop rotation, allowed Israeli farmers to produce a high yield, while replenishing the soils nutrients. Due to these innovations, there was no longer a need to depend on dry farming methods and Israel was able to develop a thriving agricultural industry, which by 2012 reached $2.4 billion in exports.